Don’t let the Flu get you down this holiday season. Below are some tips to keep you healthy during this holiday season.
What is the Flu?
Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness. Serious outcomes of flu infection can result in hospitalization or death. Some people, such as older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at high risk for serious flu complications. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting vaccinated each year.
Signs and Symptoms of Flu
People who have the flu often feel some or all of these signs and symptoms:
- Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Muscle or body aches
- Fatigue (very tired)
- Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
*It’s important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.
How Flu Spreads
Most experts believe that flu viruses spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby. Less often, a person might also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth, eyes or possibly their nose.
Here are some tips to help prevent the spread of flu and other illnesses this holiday season:
- Wash your hands!
2. Get your flu vaccination (The best way to prevent getting the flu).
3. Stay home if you feel sick.
4. Cover your coughs and sneezes by using a tissue. If you do not have a tissue, cough or sneeze in your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands.
5. Do not handle or prepare food for others if you are sick.
6. Wash clothes soiled by vomit and/or diarrhea.
7. Use bleach to clean solid surfaces (1/3 cup of bleach for every gallon of water).
8. Drink lots of water.
9. Get plenty of rest.
When to your wash hands
- Before, during, and after preparing food.
2. Before eating food.
3. Before and after caring for someone who is sick.
4. After using the toilet.
5. After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet.
6. After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
7. After touching an animal or animal waste.
How to wash your hands properly
1. Wash your hands using soap and warm water for at least twenty (20) seconds.
2. After washing your hands, use a paper towel to turn off the faucet and to open the bathroom door.
3. Use hand sanitizer when water is not available.
For more information, contact CDPH at (216) 664-4621 or (216) 664-3747.
Or, visit the Center for Disease Control’s website: www.cdc.gov/flu.